By C. Chatwin
Exploring the unlawful drug factor in foreign context, this book looks at why harmonization has now not already taken position on the ecu point. It considers the desirability and viability of harmonization, examines the clash among repressive and liberal drug rules and applies a multi-level governance lens to the problem.
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Extra resources for Drug Policy Harmonization and the European Union
Perhaps the primary negative consequences were the undoubted loss of national sovereignty to such a venture entailed as well as the considerable public resistance to such a measure that was encountered. In light of these factors it is perhaps surprising that the creation of a single currency occurred at all, but the road to its adoption was certainly not smooth. Peterson and Bomberg (1999) have referred to a weakening of commitment to the completion of the single market in the 1970s as a general state of economic recession hit Europe.
Instead, the new organization is aimed at improving the coordination of action and collaboration of ideas in the areas of drug prevention and control between member states. Drug Policy in the European Union 39 As the area of drug control and prevention still falls under all three pillars of the TEU, as well as several Titles of the Amsterdam Treaty, a Horizontal Drugs Group (HDG) was set up in 1997 to monitor and coordinate all cross-pillar activities in the field of drugs and report back to the Committee of Permanent Representatives (COREPER).
The 1988 convention was the first to require states to establish the offence of possession for personal use under criminal law, which could be viewed as an extension of harmonization from the trafficking of drugs to the possession of drugs for personal consumption. However, the requirement in relation to possession of drugs is not as strict as for drug trafficking. It is subject to the proviso of constitutional limitations of the state or, in other words, subsidiarity (Dorn and Jamieson, 2000).