By Andrew Petersen
The Dictionary of Islamic Architecture presents the fullest diversity of inventive, technical, archaeological, cultural and biographical information for the full geographical and chronological unfold of Islamic structure - from West Africa throughout the heart East to Indonesia, and from the 7th to the eighteenth centuries of the typical Era.
Over 500 entries are prepared alphabetically and completely cross-referenced and listed to allow easy accessibility to the textual content and to hyperlink goods of similar interest.
Four major different types of material are explored:
* dynastic and regional overviews
* person site descriptions
* biographical entries
* technical definitions
Over a hundred suitable plans, caricature maps, pictures and different illustrations supplement and remove darkness from the entries, and the desires of the reader requiring extra info are met through person access bibliographies.
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Extra resources for Dictionary of Islamic Architecture
Thirty-two years later in 673 the first mosque was pulled down and a larger structure built to accommodate the growing number of Muslims. As well as being larger the new mosque was equipped with four towers which could be used for the call to prayer. These have been interpreted as the first minarets although it is likely that they were not much higher than the roof of the mosque. The earliest mosque from which any remains survive belongs to the reconstruction of 827 carried out by Abd Allah Ibn Tahir.
The defensive nature of the city is further emphasized by the bent entrances and the double wall. Unfortunately nothing remains of al-Mansur’s city with the possible exception of a mihrab in the Iraq museum. The round city was built on the west bank of the Tigris and shortly afterwards a complementary settlement was founded on the east bank known as Mu asker al-Mahdi. In 773 al-Mansur moved the markets outside to a place called al-Karkh. From 836 to 892 the capital was transferred to Samarra because of troubles with the caliph’s Turkish troops in Baghdad.
The mosque was built out of baked bricks with a flat roof supported by teak columns. Unfortunately the expansion of modern Basra has meant that no remains of the early period stand above ground. See also: Iraq, khatta bayt Arabic term for house. In Umayyad and Abbasid architecture it is used to describe the living units within palaces and desert residences. bayt al-mal Arabic term for treasury (literally ‘house of the money’). In Friday mosques usually an octagonal or square room raised up on columns in the centre of the courtyard.