By Jane Gerhard
There has been a second within the Nineteen Seventies whilst intercourse was once what mattered so much to feminists. White middle-class girls seen intercourse as critical to either their oppression and their liberation. younger women began to converse and write concerning the clitoris, orgasm, and masturbation, and publishers and the scoop media jumped on the chance to disseminate their perspectives. In Desiring Revolution, Gerhard asks why problems with intercourse and feminine excitement got here to subject loads to those "second-wave feminists." In answering this query Gerhard unearths the varied perspectives of sexuality inside feminism and indicates how the unconventional rules recommend by means of this iteration of yankee ladies was once a reaction to makes an attempt to outline and include woman sexuality going again to the start of the century.
Gerhard starts by means of displaying how the "marriage specialists" of the 1st half the 20 th century led humans to think that lady sexuality used to be sure up in bearing childrens. principles approximately basic, white, girl heterosexuality started to switch, even though, within the Fifties and Sixties with the commonly stated, and a little stunning, reports of Kinsey and Masters and Johnson, whose examine spoke frankly approximately lady sexual anatomy, practices, and pleasures.
Gerhard then specializes in the sexual revolution among 1968 and 1975. analyzing the paintings of Betty Friedan, Germaine Greer, Erica Jong, and Kate Millet, between many others, she unearths how little the varied representatives of this stream shared except the need that girls achieve keep watch over in their personal sexual destinies. eventually, Gerhard examines the divisions that spread out among anti-pornography (or "anti-sex") feminists and anti-censorship (or "pro-sex") radicals.
At as soon as erudite and refreshingly available, Desiring Revolution offers the 1st complete account of the unfolding of the feminist sexual revolution.
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Extra resources for Desiring revolution: second-wave feminism and the rewriting of American sexual thought, 1920 to 1982
Without the proper gaze from her partner, a woman’s desire remained unrealized at best and frustrated at worst. For the wives of men who turned to prostitutes to fulﬁll their sexual needs, a husband’s splitting of eroticism and love inhibited the wife’s discovery of her full heterosexuality. ”109 While less violent than Deutsch’s account, Horney’s theory of female sexuality similarly cast women as dependent on men to awaken their sexual desires, thus reafﬁrming female sexual passivity. By scripting the sexual drama of modern womanhood around female sexual dependency, psychoanalysts like Deutsch and Horney reworked heterosexuality and its ambivalence about female sexuality for the modern age.
77 By the 1940s and 1950s, The Psychology of Women had become a classic in the psychoanalytic literature on women. Volume 2, on the psychoanalytic meaning of motherhood, was reprinted eleven times by 1960. S. in the 1930s. 78 Throughout the 1920s, Horney’s work focused on women’s unique psychology. From her earliest years as an analyst, Horney had chafed under Freudian orthodoxy, which she viewed as insufﬁciently aware of women’s essential difference from men. 81 With this shift, Horney left behind her focus on women speciﬁcally.
The ideal woman of psychoanalysis bore striking similarities to the ideal woman of Van Der Velde’s Ideal Marriage. Van Der Velde’s expressed his ambivalence about women’s sexual desires in his use of romance, which he mobilized as a way to contain women’s growing sexual autonomy. Psychoanalytic accounts of female sexuality were equally ambivalent about female desire. Yet because of its scientiﬁc and medical afﬁliations, psychoanalysis did not rely on romance as a way to contain the threat of female sexual anarchy.