By W.M.C. McKenzie

Completely revised and up-to-date, the second one version of this well-respected booklet presents the main finished assurance of structural layout, excellent for undergraduates in all years of civil engineering and structural engineering classes. totally up to date with the latest structural Eurocodes, it provides a unique examine of layout utilizing the 4 most vital fabrics for development: concrete, metal, trees and masonry.

Design of Structural Elements
- is absolutely updated for the structural Eurocodes
- contains a wealth of sensible difficulties and real-world examples
- comprises greater than 500 easy-to-follow diagrams
- comprehensively covers the entire key subject matters, together with an in depth part on structural research

Translating conception into perform with lots of labored examples, this simple textual content is an integral source either for college kids and for working towards engineers trying to refresh their wisdom.

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Extra info for Design of Structural Elements

Sample text

Plywood webs and softwood flanges fastened together. During bending, the stresses induced in such sections are shared among all the component parts. The extent to which sharing occurs is dependent on the method of connection at the interfaces. This connection is normally designed such that no slip occurs between the different materials during bending. The resulting structural element is a composite section which is nonhomogeneous. ) A useful technique often used when analysing such composite sections is the transformed section method.

45. Determine the maximum timber and steel stresses induced in the cross-section when the beam is subjected to a bending moment of 70 kNm. 45 150 mm (a) Transformed section based on timber Equivalent width of timber to replace the steel plate = (n × 150) mm where: Esteel 205 × 10 3 = 25 nB = (25 × 150) = 3750 mm n = = E timber 8200 The maximum stresses occur in the timber when y = 150 mm, and in the steel (or equivalent replacement timber) when y = 160 mm. 5 N/mm2 (b) Transformed section based on steel Equivalent width of steel to replace the timber beam = (n × 150) mm where: E timber 1 1× 250 n = = 10 mm = nB = Esteel 25 25 10 mm x x 10 mm 300 mm 10 mm The maximum stresses occur in the timber (or equivalent replacement steel) when y = 150 mm, and in the steel when y = 160 mm.

Boundary Conditions The boundary conditions are known values associated with the slope and/or deflection. e. g. e. e. equation (4) is equal to zero and substituting the calculated value of x into equation (5) as above. g. 0 m from the left-hand end the last two terms in the [ ] brackets need not be used to determine the position of zero slope. This assumption can be checked and if incorrect a subsequent calculation carried out including an additional bracket until the correct answer is found. 0 m ignoring the two [ ] terms was correct.