By Andreas Dufter, Guido Seiler
The purpose of the quantity is to bridge the 'cultural hole' among sociolinguistics and theoretical linguistics within the examine of version. many of the contributions search to mix corpus-based and competence-based ways. They record the plurality of present study into versions of grammatical competence that stay as much as the problem of variationist information.
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Extra info for Describing and Modeling Variation in Grammar
No other VO-trigger predates the emergence of the inverted logical order in the verb cluster. Note that the diachronic position of Dutch, with its complete reconstructed scopal order in the verb cluster, is in line with other developments in Dutch (which have in fact prompted the assumption that Dutch is SVO already, such as the tendentially infelicitous Spec,CP-occupation by any verbal argument other than nominal subjects;20 see Zwart 1997). Dutch, in this respect, appears to be more advanced in the change towards SVO than the North Italian Germanic dialects.
Inversion of ﬁnite auxiliaries or modal verbs across the non-ﬁnite full verb in the verb cluster (usually concomitant with inﬁnitivus pro participio-IPP/German Ersatzinﬁnitiv) need not indicate VO. More so, in three-elemental verb clusters of OV only verb ﬁrst inverts (all the way or partly), but never verb second and verb third (Abraham 1995, 1997). 10 h. OV-based verb projection raising in a dependent clause excludes a (raised) ﬁnite modal verb before an indeﬁnite object or an unstressed adverb.
See (iv) in Section 1. The following characteristics attest to the still existing OV, the original order type of Old High German and Old Italian as well as Modern Standard German. Their occurrence is restricted to the left periphery. The data in (5)–(7) illustrating “Germanic” subject inversion in verb second declaratives, with non-subjects in the Spec,CP preﬁeld, are from Grewendorf and Poletto (2005). 28 (5) Werner Abraham Pladen German Hainte tuit de Mame de Kinder ins Pette. ’ By contrast, Lusern has lost subject inversion if nominal subjects are present, cf.