Download Das Schwert in Mythos und Handwerk / Über die Ergebnisse by Franz Wever PDF

By Franz Wever

One of the guns which guy has constructed for assault and defence, the swords occupies a different position. This has its cause within the incontrovertible fact that the virtues of the sword bearer, and the virtues of the weapon itself har moniously combination in a virtually detailed demeanour. therefore among the sword and its bearer a really specific relation constructed, which truth was once emphasised through mythology to a much better degree than this was once the case with the other weapon in background. the 1st a part of our survey is intended ro exhibit this. where held via the sword between tne guns used to be conduci ve to the end result, that the top paintings of handicraft used to be constructed for its seasoned duction. during this connection the swordcut1ers and armourers, as soon as the individual had taken to iron as a operating fabric, had leamed to use the possibities that are inherent during this fabric, particularly its forgeability and hardening ability in a really striking method. what's so marvelous is the nice similarity of many of the innovations, which have been constructed at a variety of localities and at quite a few a long time within the seasoned duction of the sword. this is often to be proven within the moment a part of our survey.

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Extra info for Das Schwert in Mythos und Handwerk / Über die Ergebnisse neuerer metallkundlicher Untersuchungen alter Eisenfunde und ihre Bedeutung für die Technik und die Archäologie

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Yokote einer Schwertklinge aus dem 16. Jahrhundert (nach Smith) Zusammenfassung Unter den Waffen, die der Mensch fiir Angriff und Verteidigung CI1twickelt hat, nimmt das Schwert eine Sonderstellung ein. Das hat seinen Grund darin, da6 sich bei ihm die Tugenden des Trăgers und die Tugenden der Waffe selbst in einmaliger Weise verbinden. So konnte sich zwischen dem Schwert und seinem Trăger ein besonderes Verhăltnis herausbilden, dessen sich der Mythos mehr als bei irgendeiner anderen Waffe btmăchtigte.

Die Schwertschmiedekunst bii6te ihren hohen Rang ein und crging sich in Kiinsteleien. Das ist die Zeit, die die ]apaner die Periode des neuen Schwertes, Sllinto, nennen. Mit der Reformation des Kaisers Meiji im ]ahre 1868 fand das Feudalsystem in ]apan sein Ende und mit ihm das Ansehen der Samurai. Das Tragen von Schwertern wurde verboten. Unter dem jetzigen Kaiser Hirohito erlebte die Schwertschmiedekunst noch einmal eine Nachbliite, als mit dem Erstarken des Nationalbewu6tseins eine Belebung des Verstăndnisses fiir die Geschichte ]apans Hand in Hand ging.

Es wird Gegenden gegeben haben, in denen die Bronze zuerst auftauchte, und in an de ren Gegenden war es umgekehrt. Eigenartig sind Fălle, in denen Eisen als Schmuck fiir Bronzeschwerter benutzt wurde. Zur Frage der Giite - besser gesagt: der Brauchbarkeit und Bewăhrung wăre zu den Ausfiihrungen von Herrn Kollegen Wever vielleicht noch Diskussion 61 schărfer herauszustellen, daB das weiche Eisenschwert dem Bronzeschwert unterlegen, das harte Stahlschwert aber dem Bronzeschwert iiberlegen war. Die Reihenfolge war also: zuerst das weiche Eisenschwert, dann das Bronzeschwert und schlieBlich das harte Stahlschwert.

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