Download Danish. An Essential Grammar, 2nd Edition by Tom Lundskaer-Nielsen, Philip Holmes PDF

By Tom Lundskaer-Nielsen, Philip Holmes

Danish: a necessary Grammar is a reference consultant to an important facets of present Danish because it is utilized by local audio system. It provides a clean and available description of the language, concentrating on these components of Danish that pose specific difficulties for English audio system yet whilst supplying a wide normal account of the language. The Grammar is the suitable resource of reference for the learner of Danish within the early and heart phases. it really is appropriate for autonomous learn or for college students in faculties, faculties, universities and grownup sessions of all kinds. This re-creation has been totally up-to-date to mirror alterations in present language use and up to date cultural advancements. gains comprise: transparent, jargon-free motives many tables and diagrams for additional readability separate word list of linguistic and grammatical phrases exact index with key Danish and English phrases

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8 Special uses of the -s genitive • in surnames: hos Olsens Vi køber fisk hos Hansens. at the Olsens’ We buy our fish at Hansens’. 1 Articles – form The indefinite article (corresponding to English ‘a(n)’) is, in Danish, either en (common gender) or et (neuter). The definite (or end) article (corresponding to English ‘the’) is -(e)n or -(e)t in the singular and -(e)ne in the plural. 1 Rules for the end article singular (a) Add -n, -t when the noun ends in unstressed -e: en uge – ugen, week et billede – billedet, picture (b) When the noun ends in another vowel or stressed -e (é), add -en, -et: en by – byen, town en café – cafeen, café et strå – strået, straw et træ – træet, tree (c) When the noun ends in a consonant (but cf.

Oplysninger), (a piece of) information; (et) referat (plur. referater), (a set of) minutes; (et) råd (plur. råd), (a piece of) advice; (en) trappe (plur. 3 Plural in English, singular in Danish aske, ashes; fåresyge, mumps; havre, oats; indhold, contents; løn (plur. g. 4 Plural in English, countable (singular or plural) in Danish (en) passer (plur. passere), (a pair of) compasses; (en) rigdom (plur. rigdomme), riches; (en) saks (plur. 3 Nouns ending in -s, -x or -z in the singular The genitive In these cases the genitive is marked by an apostrophe: Jens’ lejlighed Marx’ bøger Schweiz’ hovedstad Columbus’ opdagelse af Amerika Jens’ flat Marx’s books the capital of Switzerland Columbus’ discovery of America Note: Until recently, two other ways of expressing the genitive were to be found: 1 An apostrophe + s: Columbus’s opdagelse af Amerika 2 A colloquial form in -es: Schweizes hovedstad.

Livet er kort, kunsten er lang. Life is short, art is long. 3 Idiomatic phrases for location and time Han er i byen/tager til byen. He’s in town/going to town. But: Hun går i skole/på arbejde. She goes to school/work. 1 After certain words Samme aften kom vi hjem. Næste dag var vejret dejligt. De bor på øverste etage. The same evening we arrived home. The next day the weather was lovely. They live on the top floor. Note, however: den næste måned, the following month; det næste år, the following year.

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