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By Gawdat Gabra

Коптские монастыри: Египетское монастырское искусство и архитектура. Egypt, the birthplace of communal monasticism, has a wealthy shop of monasteries and monastic paintings. Coptic Monasteries takes the reader on a travel of the simplest preserved and most important of those old non secular facilities, documenting in exhaustive element the richness and the distinction of the Coptic background. An informative advent via Tim Vivian brings to existence the early Christian period, with historical past details at the origins of the Coptic Church in addition to its rites and ceremonies, sketches of a few of monasticisms founding figures, and money owed of a few of the problems they confronted, from spiritual schism to nomadic assaults. Gawdat Gabras professional statement, complemented through virtually 100 full-color images of newly restored wall work and architectural positive aspects, covers monasteries from Aswan to Wadi al-Natrun. Ranging throughout one thousand years of historical past, Gabras observations will make any reader knowledgeable at the composition and content material of a few of Egypts most eminent non secular paintings, the salient architectural beneficial properties of every monastery, in addition to the continuing strategy of recovery that has again a lot in their unique vibrancy to those works.

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To the north of the Church of the Virgin lies the keep, called by the monks alQasr. It is the oldest keep in Wadi al-Natrun and probably dates from the ninth century. The tower, entered at the first floor by way of a drawbridge, features a corridor with rooms on either side. On the second floor there is a church dedicated to St. Michael. The keep was constructed over a well, which provided the monks with water in the case of a long siege. There are two refectories in the monastery, but only the first is accessible to visitors.

John the Little have recently been discovered. The nomads of the Libyan desert sacked and destroyed the monasteries of Wadi al-Natrun in 407, 434, and 444. Because of further attacks by the Berbers the monks erected towers to live in, and in the ninth century, apparently following another attack in about 817, they erected walls to fortify their monasteries. In the centuries to come the monks began to leave their scattered cells in the Wadi alNatrun to live within fortified monasteries. By the fourteenth century monastic life appeared to be more cenobitic as the monks gathered within the enclosure walls for protection.

The monastery preserves its earlier character and possesses the oldest church that still exists in Wadi al-Natrun. This Church of the Virgin of Baramus is decorated with huge partially preserved episodes of a Christological cycle, an exceptional case of monastic wall paintings in Egypt in the medieval period. The keep, or qasr, of the monastery is the oldest extant tower at Wadi alNatrun. The present monastery is dedicated to the Virgin of Baramus, and was probably founded in the late sixth century as a counterpart of the Old Baramus monastery.

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