By Toni Alaranta
The character and content material of Kemalist ideology in Turkey over the last two decades is analysed during this e-book. that allows you to position the present manifestations of this Turkish legit modernising ideology within the two-part context of globalisation and the re-sacralisation of the area, modern Kemalism scrutinises the texts of 5 in demand Kemalist intellectuals. After defining the unquestioned ideological premises of Kemalism, equivalent to its implied liberal philosophy of background, and its thought approximately human nature, the ebook describes Kemalism’s imaginative and prescient of the appropriate society. Kemalism’s shut dating to social democracy and neo-nationalism is then mentioned intimately. additionally incorporated is an research of latest Kemalism’s relation to past Kemalist articulations. The examine demonstrates that numerous past assumptions, either Western and Turkish, pertaining to Kemalism’s nature and content material are too simplistic, and hence not able to account for the patience of this ideology and its carrying on with relevancy in present-day Turkey. Inviting the reader to think about modern Kemalism’s ambiguous dating with the Western global, this ebook should be of worth to students and researchers with an curiosity in center jap Politics, Modernization conception and Political Ideology.
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Additional resources for Contemporary Kemalism: From Universal Secular-Humanism to Extreme Turkish Nationalism
B. Tauris. 2001. ‘“Fundamentalism” as an Exclusionary Devise in Kemalist Turkish Nationalism’. In Identity Politics in Central Asia and the Muslim World: Nationalism, Ethnicity and Labour in the Twentieth Century, edited by Willem van Schendel and Erik J. Zürcher, 209 22. B. Tauris. 3 The presuppositions of contemporary Kemalism The Kemalist liberal philosophy of history An ideology has implicit or explicit views about human nature, the sociopolitical structure and the process of history. To understand various particular claims asserted by someone sharing a given ideology, it is necessary to understand on what more general beliefs those claims are grounded.
This accusation also claims that Kemalism is an elitist and more or less forced world-view, seen as either irrelevant or even harmful to the Turkish nation. As a corporatist and nationalist ideology, this evaluation seems to suggest, Kemalism does not provide the basic liberal philosophy to induce the emergence of liberal freedoms. Now, one is tempted to ask, is this the whole story? Before trying to answer this question, it is necessary to scrutinise what have been the characteristics of liberalism in its historical development, and then proceed to uncover whether it is really the case that Kemalism is in 36 Presuppositions of contemporary Kemalism contradiction with it.
The resistance movement was built on the organisational foundations of the Committee of Union and Progress which were still intact after its dissolution. Mustafa Kemal played a major role in uniting the scattered resistance groups after the ﬂight of the Unionist leaders. He was himself a Unionist of long standing. Mustafa Kemal’s appointment as Inspector-General of the armies in Anatolia, whose demobilisation he was to oversee, placed him in an ideal position to organise resistance against imperialist intervention.