By Deborah Lamm Weisel
Modern gangs are continual regardless of efforts to regulate them. Theories of gangs clarify the emergence of gangs yet provide little perception into their endurance and development. Weisel tested the organizational features of 4 felony gangs. even though even huge gangs seem disorganized, they don't seem to be ephemeral teams. in its place, the gangs function features of organic-adaptive businesses instead of hierarchical or bureaucratic companies. As such, those gangs function mixed objectives, shared selection making, a constitution in response to subdivisions, and a generalist orientation. Such gains advertise potency in a hugely risky setting and give a contribution to raises within the dimension and variety of modern gangs in the United States.
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Extra resources for Contemporary Gangs: An Organizational Analysis (Criminal Justice (LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC).)
This may be because the organization has a hidden agenda of goals that it cannot legitimate in the broader society or because covert goals are developed through machinations of the dominant management group" (Freeman, 1990: 26). " There is a well-developed body of literature which supports the idea that the objectives of organizations 44 Contemporary Gangs: An Organizational Analysis are "often ambiguous, fluid, multiple, conflicting, and only loosely coupled with the action of the organization" (Popielarz and McPherson, 1995; Scott, 1993).
He found that gangs were organized by vertical hierarchy, with clear patterns of authority and power; by horizontal "commission" with relatively equal roles among gang members; and influential, albeit informal, leadership roles. Klein (1995) classified gangs as either spontaneous or traditional; Rosenbaum (1983) described gangs as fighting or moneymaking. Taylor (1990a, 1990b) characterized gangs as having either scavenger, territorial or corporate motivations. Scavengers engage in petty crime with gratuitous violence; territorial gangs identify specific areas which define their turf and engage in protective behaviors; organized or corporatist gangs have strong leaders and focus on illegal money-making ventures.
5). In addition to these basic definitional elements of the organization, other theorists are more detailed and include additional traits. For example, Daft (1986) specifies that "organizations are social entities that are goal-directed, deliberately structured activity systems with an identifiable boundary" (p. 9). The latter element - boundaries emphasizes the distinctiveness of membership of an organization and differentiation of the organization from the larger community. have distinct structures; they have rules, organizational norms, and cultures that have developed over time; they have life cycles of their own that go beyond the lives of individuals; and they have goals, policies, procedures, and practices.