Download Constructional Change in English: Developments in by Martin Hilpert PDF

By Martin Hilpert

Martin Hilpert combines building grammar and complex corpus-based technique right into a new means of learning language swap. structures are generalizations over remembered exemplars of language use. those exemplars are saved with all their formal and useful homes, yielding constructional generalizations that include many parameters of edition. through the years, as styles of language use are altering, the generalizations are altering with them. This e-book illustrates the workings of constructional swap with 3 corpus-based reports that exhibit styles of swap at a number of degrees of linguistic constitution, starting from allomorphy to be aware formation and to syntax. Taken jointly, the consequences strongly inspire using development grammar in study on diachronic language swap. This new point of view has wide-ranging results for a way ancient linguists take into consideration language switch. it will likely be of specific curiosity to linguists engaged on morpho-syntax, sociolinguistics and corpus linguistics.

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Additional resources for Constructional Change in English: Developments in Allomorphy, Word Formation, and Syntax

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The annotation includes several language-external variables, such as speaker age and gender. The DCPSE stands out from other spoken corpora due to its rich annotation and diachronic design, which make it the only resource that currently allows multifactorial modeling of diachronic processes that happen in spoken English. OED The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is of course not in itself a corpus, but numerous studies (Israel 1996, Plag et al. 1999, Hoffmann 2004, Mair 2004) have demonstrated the value of its corpus-linguistic misappropriation.

A common statistical procedure to partition sets of data into groups is hierarchical agglomerative cluster analysis (Gries 2008). Given a range of data points, cluster analysis determines which of these points are most similar to one another and suggests groupings of data points on the basis of mutual similarity. The application of standard clustering algorithms to diachronic corpus data faces the problem that corpus periods that are remote in time may nevertheless be very similar in terms of their linguistic characteristics.

Studies of presently ongoing sound change typically also include a number of language-external variables, such as speaker gender or age. Another crucial variable is the text frequency of the lexical items that contain the changing element. In the study of changing allomorphy, one has to consider these variables along with additional conditioning factors from the domain of morphosyntax. Unlike in regular sound change, the syntactic environment of a changing element, that is, its constructional context, may strongly influence the decision of a speaker to use one alternative rather than the other.

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