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By A. Potofsky

Studying the social and political heritage of staff and marketers engaged in developing the French capital from 1763-1815, this publication argues that Paris building was once a center region within which 'archaic' and 'innovative' practices have been symbiotically utilized by guilds, the country, and agencies to release the economic revolution in France.

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N. F30 109–124; 131–160 procedures pcumbersome in Paris, and this, when there was a crying need for more construction. A potential proprietor of a future Parisian building had first to receive authorization from the Bureau de la ville de Paris, consisting of the merchants’ provost, four échevins (a precursor of deputy mayors), and a host of lawyers and clerks. Once the City de Paris approved a particular project, moreover, a proprietor also had to submit the project and its site to the inspection of the 60 architectes-expertsbourgeois and architectes-experts-entrepreneurs.

The collapse of Atlantic commerce after the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and Haitian Revolution (1804), along with the 23-year period of nearly unremitting warfare and a generally unfavorable demographic growth Introduction 21 at the turn of the century, compelled the Parisian construction industry to adapt to a more restricted market, with fewer wealthy and middling proprietors able to invest in stones and with a state heavily committed elsewhere. The entrepreneurial elite emerging in the Napoleonic period, as will be shown, was more restrictive in number, while more diverse in background.

7 Colin Jones suggestively sketches out two strategies that helped create a transition from the “corporative framework” to a capitalist economy. The first, based on “expertise, internal discipline, and segregation,” was intended to distinguish a specific group of professionals from all others: the builders were experts in their domain and needed no intervention in their affairs. The second, based on “transcorporative, egalitarian, and horizontal” qualities, stressed broader relations between a specific trade and society in general.

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