By Frank Safford
Colombia: Fragmented Land, Divided Society is a entire heritage of the 3rd such a lot populous nation of Latin the US. It deals the main wide dialogue to be had in English of the total of Colombian history-from pre-Columbian occasions to the current. The e-book starts off with an in-depth examine the earliest years in Colombia's background, emphasizing the position geography performed in shaping Colombia's economic system, society, and politics and in encouraging the expansion of special local cultures and identities. It incorporates a thorough dialogue of Colombian politics that appears on the ways that historic reminiscence has affected political offerings, fairly within the formation and improvement of the country's conventional political events. The authors discover the criteria that experience contributed to Colombia's financial problems, resembling the hold up in its nationwide financial integration and its relative ineffectiveness as an exporter. the 3 concluding chapters supply an authoritative and updated exam of the impression of espresso on Colombia's economic system and society, the social and political results of city progress, and the a number of dimensions of the violence that has plagued the rustic when you consider that 1946. Written in transparent, lively prose, Colombia: Fragmented Land, Divided Society is vital for college kids of Latin American historical past and politics, and for someone drawn to gaining a deeper realizing of the heritage of this attention-grabbing and tumultuous kingdom.
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Extra info for Colombia: Fragmented Land, Divided Society (Latin American Histories)
The conquistadores expected the indigenes to feed them as well as to enrich them with gold. If the indigenes had food and/or gold and were docile enough to provide them, relations between European and Amerind might be relatively peaceful for a time. But feeding the Europeans either maize or bullion only increased their appetites. As a result, whether they were peaceable or bellicose at first, many indigenous peoples ended up rebelling against or fleeing the Europeans’ exactions. The rapacity of the conquistadores must be understood not merely as a reflection of a general European cupidity but also as a function of the economic conditions of the conquest.
Captives taken in war were killed and eaten in a ritual cannibalism that had a magical character, in that it was believed that the victors who consumed the vanquished thereby acquired their strength and courage. This acquired force was thought to be concentrated in the chiefs, a concept symbolized by the many heads, hands, and feet of sacrificed victims that decorated the external walls of the chiefs’ houses. Cannibalism among these western groups, though probably magical in significance, may have extended beyond that motivation.
But the Muisca were frequently at war with the peoples on their western flank, many of them apparently Caribs, who were fierce antagonists. These Carib peoples (Muzos, Colimas, Panches) had small tribal groups, and their leadership was not hereditary but rather temporary and limited to time of war. Although the Muiscas and the Caribs were chronically at war, the division between them may have been maintained in part by environmental factors, with Muisca culture adapted to, and not venturing far beyond, the cooler high altitudes and the Carib tribes similarly limited to the hotter lowland forests.