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By M. Fagence (Auth.)

The author's objective has been to attract jointly the threads of political and social technology and of sub-specialisms inside these vast components of analysis and to interpret them within the context of city and nearby making plans. attention is given to numerous interpretations of choice making in a democracy, to 'representation' and the general public curiosity, to the possibilities for citizen participation within the making plans technique, to the diversity of capability members, their motivation and competence, to the skill that may be hired to safe varied degrees of citizen involvement; and to the impediments to significant participation. as a result this booklet will give a contribution to the last of the present hole among idea and perform by way of drawing jointly a range of topics from political technological know-how, philosophy and psychology, group thought and neighborhood technological know-how, rendering them understandable within the context of making plans

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Sample text

The hypothesis was drawn on the experience of small experimental groups, and may not hold its validity on the frequently immense ( 3 7) scale of modern decision-making constituencies. As if lending support to the advance of elitism, Pranger has reported that "the citizen, whose chief duty is to participate, is disappearing as an important ( 3 8) political a c t o r . " This progressive demise of an important and integral participant in democratic decision-making processes is almost certainly a means of erosion of classical political values, because values, or principles or opportunities can only be sustained if they are perpetually practised, supported or used.

Sc. , vol. lxi, December 1967, pp. 953-70). 3 )8 Pranger (1968), p. 3. 3 )9 Pranger (1968), p. 10. ( 3 7 ) ( ( 42 Citizen Participation in Planning tion of the 'action-space' and the subjects with which citizen participation is feasible, and the development of an élite-mass relationship ideology. T o overcome the possible imbalance of power—assuming Pranger's concept of the demise of citizenship is valid—and to infuse the decision-making processes with a capability of meaningful citizen participation, the elected representatives should be responsible and take the initiative to develop the means by which, and prescribe the 'action-space' in which the citizens may more creatively affect decision outcomes.

LX, N o . 2, pp. 285-295. CHAPTER 2 Two Key Concepts— Representation; The Public Interest There are obvious dangers in isolating for special consideration a limited number of the vast range of matters contributing to the concept and operation of democracy. However, it is possible that the investigation of a number of matters will serve two purposes : firstly, it might reveal the complexity of the democratic decision-making process which would flow on from a study in depth of the full range of pertinent matters, and secondly, it might serve to clarify the ramifications of those matters investigated.

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