By Oded Peri
An immense factor in 19th-century global politics, the query of Christianity's holiest shrines in Jerusalem is roofed by means of a wide physique of literature. such a lot of this scholarship, besides the fact that, concentrates at the interval while the query of the Holy websites has already advanced from a household Ottoman challenge into an all-European factor. less is understood approximately this challenge in prior occasions, while the Ottoman Empire used to be nonetheless a dominant strength in a position to suggest recommendations freed from international interference and out of doors pressures. according to reliable Ottoman documents present in the registers of the kadi's court docket in Jerusalem in addition to the leading Ministry's records in Istanbul, this learn deals a radical therapy of Ottoman coverage with appreciate to the Holy websites through the first centuries of Ottoman rule in Jerusalem. It specializes in 3 crucial concerns: (a) The criminal prestige of the Holy websites below Ottoman rule; (b) The Ottoman country and the inter-church fight over the Holy websites; (c) The Holy websites as a resource of source of revenue to the Ottoman nation. The dialogue of those matters sheds new gentle on the most imprecise and arguable chapters within the heritage of Christianity less than Islam in Jerusalem.
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Additional info for Christianity Under Islam in Jerusalem: The Question of the Holy Sites in Early Ottoman Times
These were the years of Sultan Siileyman I (1520—1566), "the Magnificent", according to his European peers, who watched with appreciation and apprehension his military and political achievements which spread Ottoman power from Trnava to Tabriz, and from Aden to Tlemcen.
THE PRE-OTTOMAN LEGACY OF THE QUESTION OF THE HOLY SITES The inter-church struggle over the Holy Sites was a latter consequence of earlier development: The historical fragmentation of Christianity from a single unified church to several churches divided by a variety of theological trends and between different political centers in the Christian world. Each schism gave rise to separate Christian denominations, and these denominations gave rise to an internecine conflict over possession and use of the most sacred Christian sites.
Sanjian 1965: 204-5; Verniero 1930: 188-92; Andreasyan 1964: 123-45; Burrell 1683: 27-49; Maundrell 1732: 67-97. 48 See, for example, the appeal by the Greek Orthodox patriarch in Jerusalem to the Ottoman authorities asking permission to travel freely between the Greek Orthodox communities scattered throughout the Ottoman Empire for the purpose of fund raising (tasadduk cerri) on behalf of the hierarchy he headed: arzuhal dated 10 Muharrem 1128 (5 January 1716), Cevdet-Adliye 2480. An (incidental) idea regarding the scope of this fund raising activity may be inferred from an Armenian complaint against the Armenian patriarch of Jerusalem who had allegedly embezzled the sum of 22,500 guru} raised in 1698-99 in Istanbul, Haslar, Uskiidar, Balat, Galata, Tokat, Sivas, Diyarbakir, Erzurum ,and Aleppo for the benefit of the Armenian church in Jerusalem: arzuhal dated 9 Ramazan 1110 (11 March 1699), Emiri-II.