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By Hong Xiao

Hong Xiao examines the linkage among social constitution and child-rearing values within the usa and China. Her basic targets are to envision the underlying constitution of childrearing values, notice the dynamics of the structural-level, family-level, and individual-level determinants of childrearing values, and to check styles of price orientations within the countries.

Three price dimensions--autonomy, conformity, and a care orientation--are pointed out in either the us and China samples through issue analyses. additionally, regardless of cross-national variations in political process, fiscal improvement, and tradition heritage, Professor Xiao unearths americans and chinese language are rather related of their taking into consideration the categories of items to educate teenagers at domestic. one of the most sensible six characteristics recommended inside each one state, 5 are exact. notwithstanding, assets of worth diversifications are tremendously various within the international locations. for instance, within the usa, whereas the impression of sophistication on men's values for kids has turn into muted additional time, classification transformations in values live to tell the tale between girls. And neither gender nor motherhood is expounded to the care orientation. In China, valuation of kid's autonomy or conformity is conditioned seriously by way of political conformity, age, and relations dimension. Of specific curiosity to students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with gender and relatives reports, sociology, and Asian Studies.

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Additional info for Childrearing Values in the United States and China: A Comparison of Belief Systems and Social Structure

Sample text

Since 1949, women's liberation had been one of the major themes in a series of campaigns. By 1990 not only was China one of the leading societies in female workforce participation, but the earning differential between male and female workers was one of the smallest among industrialized nations (Bonney et al. 1992; Hsieh and Burgess 1994). With women's greater participation in the workforce and greater contribution to family income, men were assuming a greater role in parenting and domestic chores (Abbott et al.

C. 1 In terms of age, the two samples show different patterns. At the young and middle age levels (18-24, 25-44, and 45-64), there are proportionally more Chinese than Americans. At the old-age level (65 or older), the trend is reversed; there are proportionally more Americans than Chinese, 18 percent versus 3 percent. Differences in the education of the respondents between the two countries are also clearly observed. 1 percent of Chinese did not graduate from high school. On the other hand, about 44 percent of Americans versus 35 percent of Chinese had an education beyond high school.

In childrearing, the mother was supposed to provide loving care and nurturance, and the father was to educate and enforce discipline (Ho 1986). During the past several decades, the social and cultural contexts in China, especially in urban areas, have changed significantly. The changes in cultural values and gender roles are specially related to the present study. Since the turn of the century, the influence of Confucianism, patriarchy, and traditional culture in urban China has been declining.

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