Download Chemical Elements, 2nd Edition by David E. Newton PDF

By David E. Newton

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10 Chemical Elements, 2nd Edition Aluminum Aluminum is often used in construction. Here, a modern office building with an aluminum facade (exterior) is shown. IMAGE COPYRIGHT 2009, BALONCICI. COM. The largest single use of aluminum in the United States is in the transportation industry (37 percent). Car and truck manufacturers like aluminum and aluminum alloys because they are very strong, yet lightweight. Companies are using more aluminum products in electric cars. These cars must be lightweight in order to conserve battery power.

4 Chemical Elements, 2nd Edition Aluminum Overview Aluminum is found in Row 3, Group 13 of the periodic table. The periodic table is a chart that shows how the chemical elements are related to each other. Elements in the same column usually have similar chemical properties. The first element in this group is boron. However, boron is very different from all other members of the family. Therefore, group 13 is known as the aluminum family. 9815386 Family: Group 13 (IIIA); aluminum Pronunciation: uh-LOOmin-um Aluminum is the third most abundant element in Earth’s crust, exceeded only by oxygen and silicon.

These early people used alum as an astringent and as a mordant. An astringent is a chemical that causes skin to pull together. Sprinkling alum over a cut causes the skin to close over the cut and start healing. A mordant is used in dyeing cloth. Few natural dyes stick directly to cloth. A mordant bonds to the cloth and the dye bonds to the mordant. Over time, chemists gradually began to realize that alum might contain a new element. In the mid-1700s, German chemist Andreas Sigismund Marggraf (1709–1782) claimed to have found a new “earth” called alumina in alum.

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