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By Howard J. Wiarda

Spain and Portugal have lately followed European-style democratic and political platforms. but their development of ancient improvement is designated and, in lots of respects, their political structures nonetheless mirror certain gains. during this provocative textual content Wiard and Mott research the distinctive beneficial properties of Spanish background: the Catholic culture, seven centuries of Moorish rule, the Christian Reconquest, and the detailed nature of Spanish feudalism and nationalism. construction on those foundations, the authors learn Spanish and Portuguese glossy background, the regimes of Franco and Salazar, and the hot transitions to democracy. Successive chapters care for type constitution and curiosity teams, political events and elections, the constitution of the nation and state-society relatives, nearby politics, and styles of public policy.While turning into extra ecu socially, culturally, and politically, those Iberian political structures convey additionally a few impressive continuities with the prior, together with notions of natural democracy, neocorporatism, and tensions among regionalism and centralism, democracy and authoritarianism, and religiousity and secularism. scholars and students concerned with eu politics, comparative politics, Iberian reports, and transitions to democracy will locate this an available and provocative research.

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Additional info for Catholic Roots and Democratic Flowers: Political Systems in Spain and Portugal

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Portugal had experienced the same conflicts and polarization between republicanism and authoritarianism, anarchy and order, individualism and corporatism, secularism and religion, but as usual in less severe form than Spain. NOTES 1. Desmond Seward, The Monks of War: The Military Religious Orders (New York: Penguin, 1995), 144. 2. : Westview, 2000), 30. Long Sweep of Iberian History 37 3. For recent revisions on the Spanish Inquisition, see B. Netanyahu, The Origins of the Inquisition in Fifteenth-Century Spain (New York: Random House, 1995); and Henry Kamen, The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997).

Participation in the political process, limited as it was, was not accorded to individuals but to groups. Along with protected legal status (which often was costly in terms of increased taxation), these subcultures exchanged customs with the dominant society. Much evidence also exists of intermarriage between Christians and Muslims. In places like Toledo, where both Mudéjars and Mozarabs resided, some Christian women adopted the custom of wearing veils. Another indicator of tolerance between Christians and Muslims can be found in the early Inquisition records.

King Ferdinand’s treasurer, Luis de Santangel, who was instrumental in convincing Queen Isabella to support Columbus’s project, was a kinsman of another Luis de Santangel, burned at the stake for continuing to practice Jewish rituals after converting to Christianity. The treasurer Santangel personally raised half the money needed for the enterprise, suggest- Long Sweep of Iberian History 23 ing a very strong connection between the plight of the Jews and the discovery of the Indies. Most of the Jews remained in the Old World.

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