By Felix K. Ameka, Alan Dench, Nicholas Evans
Descriptive grammars are our major automobile for documenting and analysing the linguistic constitution of the world's 6,000 languages. they convey jointly, in a single position, a coherent remedy of ways the full language works, and for that reason shape the first resource of data on a given language, consulted by means of quite a lot of clients: areal experts, typologists, theoreticians of any a part of language (syntax, morphology, phonology, ancient linguistics etc.), and contributors of the speech groups involved. The writing of a descriptive grammar is an incredible highbrow problem, that calls at the grammarian to stability a recognize for the language's distinct genius with an wisdom of the way different languages paintings, to mix rigour with clarity, to depict structural regularities whereas respecting a corpus of genuine fabric, and to symbolize anything of the local speaker's competence whereas recognising the difference inherent in any speech neighborhood. regardless of a up to date surge of expertise of the necessity to record little-known languages, there is not any e-book that focusses at the manifold concerns that face the writer of a descriptive grammar. This quantity brings jointly members who procedure the matter from more than a few angles. such a lot have written descriptive grammars themselves, yet others symbolize types of reader. one of the issues they tackle are: total problems with grammar layout, the complementary roles of outsider and local speaker grammarians, the stability among grammar and lexicon, cross-linguistic comparison, the function of clarification in grammatical description, the interaction of thought and a number fieldwork equipment in language description, the demanding situations of describing languages of their cultural and ancient context, and the tensions among linguistic particularity, validated perform of specific colleges of linguistic description and the necessity for a universally commensurable analytic framework. This booklet will renew the sector of grammaticography, addressing a a number of readership of descriptive linguists, typologists, and formal linguists, by means of bringing jointly a number of distinct practitioners from worldwide to deal with those questions.
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Extra resources for Catching Language: The Standing Challenge of Grammar Writing
Given that digital files are inexpensive to update compared with grammars published in book form, they also provide a degree of temporal flexibility. There are two obvious and clearly related practical challenges arising from this high level of flexibility – version control and internal analytical consistency. The problem of version control is typically not one faced by the grammarian, though it is understood by any lexicographer. The dictionary of a language is never finished: there are always new words to add, new meanings to describe for words already listed, and reanalyses of previously listed forms to be presented.
Weinreich, Uriel 1954 Is a structural dialectology possible? Word 10: 388–400. Wilkins, David 1989 Mparntwe Arrernte (Aranda): studies in the sructure and semantics of grammar. D. Thesis. Grammaticography: The art and craft of writing grammars Ulrike Mosel 1. Introduction While lexicography is a well established branch of linguistics, represented in specialized journals and handbooks, grammaticography – the art and 1 craft of writing grammars – is not. Only the history of grammar writing, the typology of grammars or isolated problems feature as topics in language 2 specific, especially applied linguistic research.
A. (in collaboration with Abdoerrahim) 1979 Makassaars-Nederlands Woordenboek. ’s Gravenhage: Martinus Nijhoff. Chomsky, Noam 1957 Syntactic structures. The Hague: Mouton. 1965 Aspects of the theory of syntax. : MIT Press. Croft, William 2001 Radical construction grammar: syntactic theory in typological perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press. DeCamp, David 1971 Toward a generative analysis of a post-creole speech continuum. ), 349-370. London: Cambridge University Press. Dench, Alan 1982 Kinterms and pronouns of the Panyjima language of northwest Western Australia.