Download Cambodia's Neoliberal Order: Violence, Authoritarianism, and by Simon Springer PDF

By Simon Springer

Neoliberal economics have emerged within the post-Cold conflict period because the primary ideological guiding principle utilized to the advance of nations within the worldwide south. for far of the worldwide south, even though, the promise that markets will deliver elevated criteria of residing and emancipation from tyranny has been an empty one. as a substitute, neoliberalisation has elevated the space among wealthy and terrible and unleashed a firestorm of social ills. This e-book bargains with the post-conflict geographies of violence and neoliberalisation in Cambodia. employing a geographical research to modern Cambodian politics, the writer employs notions of neoliberalism, public house, and radical democracy because the so much sizeable parts of its theoretical edifice. He argues that the merchandising of unfettered marketisation is the key causal consider the country’s lack of ability to consolidate democracy following a United countries backed transition. The e-book demonstrates Cambodian views at the position of public house in Cambodia's strategy of democratic improvement and explains the consequences of violence and its courting with neoliberalism. bearing in mind the transition from struggle to peace, authoritarianism to democracy, and command economic system to a unfastened marketplace, this ebook bargains a serious appraisal of the political economic climate in Cambodia.

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Additional info for Cambodia's Neoliberal Order: Violence, Authoritarianism, and the Contestation of Public Space (Routledge Pacific Rim Geographies)

Sample text

This is Paul Cam mack's (1997) position in arguing that the orthodox view of development has maintained a high level of anxiety viN)-J•is democracy, precisely because, once democratization is initiated, sovereign nations prove to be much more difficult to control. The natu re of G lobal South economic dependence on the Global North can thus be viewed as maintaining societies 30 Cambodia's Neolibeml Order where ruling elites collaborate with internationa l capitalism while the majo rity of the population remains in poverty (Berger 2000; Chossudovsky I 997; MacEwan 1999; Riddell 2003a), a situation that is far from conducive to democratic consensus.

F urthermore, Japan, Sri Lanka, the Phili ppines, and Papua-New Guinea all provide examples of long-standing Asian democracy, making it clear that democracy can indeed take root in the nonwestern world . It is thus far too simplistic to state that Asians and more generally non-Europeans have anti-democratic cultures. The second pi llar of negatio n concern ing democracy as a no n-western enterprise, namely economics, is very much entangled with the first pillar of culture. Econo mic arg uments come in two variatio ns.

Diamond (1992) argues that in the tmnsi tion from authoritarian rule, the emergence of civil society marks the turning point from fear to public action in the struggle for democracy. The reason for the emergence or persistence of au thoritarian rule in the first plac-e is beca use powerful elements of society, typically landowners, bankers. and industrialists, accept or actually collaborate with it, and, according to Diamond (I 992), civil society turns these powerful actors against the state. What Diamond is alluding to is that civil society can and should replace "the most oppressed class" or "the va nguard party" as the agent of historical change (Lummis I996).

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