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By John C. Masters

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Extra resources for Boundary Areas in Social and Developmental Psychology

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76 ^Minimum rating = 1. Maximum rating = 7. Significant effects are described in the text. central facets of friendship (Furman & Bierman, in press), whereas the last one (quarreling) was included so as to provide information about antagonistic interactions. 5 presents the longitudinal trends. These trends were examined separately for children who first met at camp and those who were previously acquainted; scores were also examined separately for children who received low, medium, and high ratings of friendship on the seventh day of camp.

In the unacquainted condition, the children have no other experience with that person and thus probably compared their mutuality of play or degree of self-disclosure to that in their interactions with other children. This comparison is similar to the one underlying the observational data, and thus high correlation can be expected. On the other hand, children in the acquaintance condition also may have compared the present interaction with previous ones with that child. Such a withinrelationship comparison is different from the cross-relationship comparison underlying the observational data; thus the correlation should be lower.

Of course, one could argue that such differential weighting of instances reflects judgmental biases that should be eliminated. On the other hand, one could argue that these biases should not be discarded because one is interested in how a person's behavior is interpreted—not how it really is; that is, the interpretation, biased or not, will affect how the observer responds. In essence, the issue here involves the classic debate between phenomenological and behavioral approaches (Wann, 1964)—a topic far beyond the scope of this chapter.

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