By Ian Von Maltitz
Black Powder production, checking out & Optimizing - via Ian von Maltitz. Examines black powder making from uncomplicated combined parts to complex, professional-type creation. Describes all materials and strategies. From chemistry to physics, from mechanical to mystical, together with interpreting constituents, analyzing thoughts and methods, from affordable to the easiest. complete dimension, 208 pages, sixteen chapters, index, three appendices, fifty nine illustrations, 17 tables
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Extra resources for Black powder manufacturing, testing & optimizing
Now graphite may form at lower than normal temperatures in the presence of catalysts. Different metals are known to have this catalytic property. So the walls of a retort may possibly introduce a small amount of graphite into the charcoal. Chances are it won't, at least not to an extent where it becomes an issue. Personally, I think the whole graphite issue has become an unnecessary distraction, being fostered by those who resist the idea that volatiles play a major role in charcoal's performance.
4 Table 4-2. The Effect of Carbonization Temperature on Charcoal's Chemical Composition. Violette made an extensive study of charcoals used in Black Powder. His findings show a direct relationship between Black Powder ignition temperatures and the temperatures at which the relative charcoals were carbonized. These findings are important because the burn rate of Black Powder is related to its ignition temperature. Generally, the lower the ignition temperature, the faster the burn rate. Note: I used the term generally because there are exceptions to this rule.
Some recommend fast drying in the sun for this process. And I emphasize for this process. Other processes that form the powder into pucks before drying should preferably be dried more slowly in the shade. When the granules are properly dried they are sieved again. Dry granulation is the preferred method of commercial Black Powder manufacturers. Generally this method is also preferred by those who make their own homemade powder. The dry granulation process is the most dangerous part of commercial Black Powder manufacture.