Download Bactria: The History of a Forgotten Empire by Hugh George Rawlinson PDF

By Hugh George Rawlinson

An very important Account of the Greek country That governed the Hindu Kush for hundreds of years within the Wake of Alexander the Great
“If in the course of the Bactrian Empire ecu rules have been transmitted to the a long way East, via that and related channels Asiatic rules came upon their approach to Europe.”—Intellectual improvement of Europe
Following the Macedonian invasion of Persian within the fourth century B.C., an self sustaining Greek-ruled empire emerged over a space encompassing sleek Afghanistan, japanese Iran, and northern Pakistan. This historical empire, referred to as Bactria, is recorded in texts, either Asian and ecu, in addition to via cash, inscriptions, and architectural remnants. Bactria served as a touch aspect among Europe, South Asia, and the a ways East for greater than 200 years prior to disappearing lower than the strain of a resurgent Persia to the west and Indian states to the east. In Bactria: The heritage of a Forgotten Empire, historian Hugh G. Rawlinson starts with the early historical past of Bactria and its subjugation by way of Persia, after which describes the conquest of Iran through Alexander the nice and the institution of an self sustaining Bactria governed through Greeks. The Bactrians followed Buddhism early on and helped determine the faith through the sector. the writer then follows the background of the empire via its rulers, together with Menander, until eventually Greek rule was once extinguished round one hundred thirty five B.C. ultimately, the writer discusses the consequences of Greek career at the zone. according to meticulous study in old texts from Greece, Persia, and India, and utilizing fabric facts of the time, this heritage, which received the Hare collage Prize at Cambridge in 1909, continues to be appropriate this day, offering a desirable portrait of a little-known connection among East and West.

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Extra info for Bactria: The History of a Forgotten Empire

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Than to the East? 1. only awoke distant echoes in theifax eastern frontier. East of the Cophenes, Maccdoniain influence was steadily on the deditne, the generals who. had conq~rereclthe East being far too busy with the tltsk of destroying one another to keep an eye on the' government of the lands which had cost them 60, much blood and labonr to acquire. C. Eudamns, in colnnland of the garrison at Alexandriaon-Incius, went home (after. murdering his native colleague and collecting all the plunder he could lay haincis on,' ) with a.

F;rolling the ICliyber Pass, was, ats Alexander perceived, of consi'd'erable importance. cl to hold his position till. Chanclragupl;a, (303 B. ) bronyht Sel;eucus Nicator to his knees, slud forced the " ever-victoriou~" rrlonarch to cecle the Province of Ksbul, together, probably with P;rachosi5t, Aria, and at any rak, part of Gedrosia. The other Greek rulers in India3 (Pithon EuiL~u~us ancl. the rest) had beeu swept away long before, $0. Diodorus Siculus. XVIII. 9. Crindle mixes them up " Tnmmion of India"' p 411.

1. Ch. 25, Noto I. Bury in his Greek History (following apparently Von S c h ~ : ~ z '"s Alexander {lea Grosson Pelzuge in1 Tnrkcstnn") Rays that Znrinspn and Bactra bore aomemhat t h e eame relation t o on0 nnothcr as tho Sogdian cities of Mnrncandn and Sogdinnn. Ho idcnticies Zrrriaspa with tho modern Chnrgui, on the Oxus, n porn1 deal to t h e N-W. of Bnctria. (p. ) CHAPTER 'IT. HE Bactrisu Empire mas founded by the Scythians, says Justin! This statement probably comes very near the truth ; for, by examining the scattered notices in Justin, Cnrtius, Arrian and Strabo2, we shall find there are ample traces of a non-Aryan helot population existing in Ractria up to the time of Alexander; it woulcl appear highly probable that we aro here presented with a coudition of things quite siuilar to that which obtained in ancient Sparta or early Norman Englauci, unless an even closer p a r d e l is to be found in the oligarchies of ancient Thessal~.

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