By Peter Ackema, Patrick Brandt, Maaike Schoorlemmer, Fred Weermann
This booklet explores the position of contract morphology within the morphosyntactic consciousness of a verb's arguments. It examines the variations and parallels among configurational and nonconfigurational languages, languages that permit pronoun drop basically specifically structures, and languages which consistently require overt syntactic determiner words as arguments. those and similar concerns are explored within the context of a variety of languages. The booklet will curiosity linguists at graduate point and above all for morphosyntactic conception, typology, and the interactions of syntax and morphology in several languages.
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Extra info for Arguments and Agreement
In the latter, the subject argument must be realized syntactically after all, disallowing pro-drop (cf. Ackema 2002). The difference between syntactically present agreement affixes that fail to be phonologically spelt out and genuine absence of agreement affixes is discussed in detail by Baker (Chapter 10 below), albeit in a different connection. A further implication of the idea that the agreement affix realizes the verb’s subject argument is that the phenomena showing the syntactic activity of the subject argument in pro-drop languages (see (25)) cannot be dependent on the presence of a DP in syntactic subject position.
The dimension labelled ‘external’ is meant to distinguish subject agreement from object agreement affixes. The dimensions ‘sing(ular)’, ‘deic(tic)’, and ‘speak(er)’ make a distinction between singular and plural, between first/second person and third person, and between first and second person respectively. () +Agr −External +External +Sing +Deic +Speak −Deic −Sing etc. +Sing −Sing etc. etc. −Speak Patterns of syncretism are accounted for by the assumption that at any point in this hierarchy a paradigm can stop splitting.
9 In my theory, there are several possible approaches to PRO. Perhaps the most obvious is to say that infinitives have no AGR at all. PRO would then occupy either the specifier of VP (PredP) or possibly the specifier of the TP whose head is occupied by ‘to’. Related to this is the problem of empty operators.