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By Bernd Kortmann

The sequence is a platform for contributions of all types to this swiftly constructing box. normal difficulties are studied from the viewpoint of person languages, language households, language teams, or language samples. Conclusions are the results of a deepened learn of empirical facts. specified emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose research might shed new mild on long-standing difficulties normally linguistics.

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Extra resources for Adverbial Subordination: A Typology and History of Adverbial Subordinators Based on European Languages

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The prototype definitions (Croft 1990: 17) this approach yields may lack the formal precision demanded by modern syntactic theories, but are much better suited to make the most of the often low degree of precision and reliability of the data typologists have to work with (cf. also the quotation from Lehmann (1984) above). 2 were made the basis of all statistical analyses presented in this study. As to (b), the functional explanations this approach strives to give are meant to hold on a larger scale as well.

This perspective can be captured by means of the following questions: In what way can the observable synchronic variation across languages as well as the findings concerning preferred categorial sources and nonconjunctional functions contribute to our knowledge of the historical development of adverbial subordinators? The next two questions are more intricate: What can be said about changes in the internal structure, i. e. the semantic composition, of inventories of adverbial subordinators over time?

The idea which stands behind this is that these two pieces of evidence will typically coincide. This may be called the Principle of Generativity and the corresponding method "internal semantic reconstruction" (Traugott 1986: 97): synchronically adjacent senses are also diachronically adjacent, such that senses which are the source of derivation in language synchrony will also be the historically prior ones in language diachrony. This principle is meant to hold for lexical and grammatical meanings alike (cf.

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