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By Liliane Haegeman

Adverbial Clauses, major Clause Phenomena, and Composition of the Left outer edge uses the cartographic idea to check the left outer edge of the English clause and examine it to the left-peripheral buildings of alternative languages. Liliane Haegeman argues that the multiple floor features of those languages (primarily English and Romance, but additionally Gungbe, Hungarian, Hebrew, Dutch, and others) could be defined through common constraints, and that an identical constructions practice around the languages. Haegeman specializes in major clause transformations--movement operations that may in simple terms happen in major clauses.

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Additional resources for Adverbial Clauses, Main Clause Phenomena, and Composition of the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 8

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34 Cl auses and the Composition of the Left Periphery (44) a. *Che cosa what b. *Avendolo have-ger-it gli him il libro the book dovremmo a Gianni dire?  . 29 Unlike interrogative wh-phrases (45c,d), the exclamative wh-phrase does not trigger inversion. Following Radford (2009a), let us assume that the fronted exclamative constituents occupy SpecForceP, allowing for a topic to their right. (45a) and (45b) remain compatible with the template in (37a). (45) a. In how many countries, that kind of behaviour, autocratic leaders would simply not tolerate!

John-wa kono hon-o yonda. (Maki et al. ’ b. Kono hon-wa John-ga yonda. (Maki et al. ’ c. 11 10 years ago-top self-top son-nom [Mr. 2. FocP Gungbe also provides evidence for a functional projection associated with focus: in (17a) the focused constituent wéma lò (‘the book’) is followed by the focus marker wε, which can be argued to spell out the head of FocP (17b): (17) a. Ùn l έn wémà l wε S έna xìá. ’ (Aboh 2004a: 238, (7c)) b. 3. TopP > FocP The Gungbe examples in (18) (Aboh 2004a: 299, (22)) contain both a fronted topic and a fronted focus.

Penso che, il tuo libro, dovrei rileggerlo. ’ c. Dywedais I [mai ‘r dynion fel arfer a [werthith y ci]] said I C the men as usual C will-sell the dog (Rizzi 2004: 238, (48)) On the basis of examples such as (28d), Radford (2009b) proposes that English for also occupies Fin: (28) d. Speaker A: What was the advice given by the police to the general public? Speaker B: Under no circumstances for anyone to approach the escaped convicts. 5 Intervention and the Articulation of the CP in English This section is a first discussion of the implementation of the template (26b) to English, focusing on the distribution of fronted wh-phrases, fronted arguments and adjuncts, and fronted negative constituents.

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