By R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
The reports during this quantity recommend that each language has an adjective type, yet those fluctuate in personality and in measurement. In its grammatical houses, an adjective type might beas just like nouns, or to verbs, or to either, or to neither.ze. while in a few languages the adjective category is huge and will be freely extra to, in others it's small and closed. with only a dozen or so participants. The e-book will curiosity students and complex scholars of language typology and of the syntax and semantics of adjectives.
Read Online or Download Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology PDF
Similar grammar books
A complete advisor to the character of language and an creation to linguistic research. this can be a fresh version of «An advent to the character and capabilities of Language», the bestselling English Language textbook. With entire assurance of the character of language and linguistic research, this ebook is ideal for these learning language for the 1st time.
A useful consultant to the realm of fine grammar which breaks down the limitations that hinder such a lot of articulate, clever humans from speaking successfully. deciding upon up a publication on grammar takes braveness, however the learner can take center from the truth that a number of the nice writers, together with Charlotte Bronte, have been hopeless at grammar in school.
- Cross-linguistic Semantics of Tense, Aspect, and Modality
- Correlatives Cross-Linguistically (Language Faculty and Beyond)
- The Perfect and the Preterite in Contemporary and Earlier English
- Main Clause Phenomena: New Horizons
Extra info for Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology
For example, a Korean will be more likely to say 'Men are numerous' than "There are many men' (Ramstedt 1939: 35). And Kimball (1991: 484) reports that in the Muskogean language Koasati there is a preference for saying, literally "The willow is long-, green- and many-leafed', rather than (as in English) "The willow has many long green leaves'. 2. DISTINGUISHING 'NOUN-LIKE* ADJECTIVES FROM NOUNS There are a number of kinds of criteria for distinguishing adjectives from nouns, where these share grammatical properties: (i) the internal syntax of NPs; (2) morphological possibilities; (3) the comparative construction; and (4) adverbal use.
Adjectives can roughly be categorized into two further classes in respect of their morphological possibilities when they occur within an NP: (A) When it functions within an NP, an adjective may take some or all of the morphological processes that apply to a noun. They can be called 'noun-like adjectives'. (B) In a language where nouns show a number of morphological processes, none of these apply to adjectives. They can be called 'non-noun-like adjectives'. In languages with an isolating profile, there maybe no morphological processes applying to nouns, so that the (A/B) parameter is not relevant.
An adjective may also take an intransitive subject prefix, just like a verb; it must then be functioning as an intransitive predicate. 1—an adjective has more limited mor- 1 Adjective Classes in Typological Perspective 27 phological possibilities than a verb in this slot; it can only take tense and aspect suffixes if the inchoative derivation suffix is first added. It is likely that in Nunggubuyu adjectives are just beginning to take on grammatical properties similar to those of verbs; see §9 below.