By Sugata Bose
On December 26, 2004, mammoth tsunami waves destroyed groups round the Indian Ocean, from Indonesia to Kenya. past the bad dying toll, this wall of water introduced a telling reminder of the interconnectedness of the various international locations at the ocean rim, and the insignificance of nationwide barriers. 100 Horizons takes us to those shorelines, in a super reinterpretation of the way tradition built and heritage was once made on the peak of the British raj. among 1850 and 1950, the Indian Ocean teemed with humans, commodities, and concepts: pilgrims and armies, trade and hard work, the politics of Mahatma Gandhi and the poetry of Rabindranath Tagore have been all associated in fabulous methods. Sugata Bose unearths in those elaborate social and monetary webs proof of the interdependence of the peoples of the lands past the horizon, from the center East to East Africa to Southeast Asia. In following this narrative, we find that our traditional methods of taking a look at history--through the lens of nationalism or globalization--are now not sufficient. The nationwide excellent didn't easily fall down to inevitable globalization within the overdue 20th century, as is usually intended; Bose finds in its place the important significance of an intermediate historic house, the place interregional geographic entities just like the Indian Ocean rim foster nationalist identities and objectives but concurrently facilitate interplay between groups. 100 Horizons merges records and fantasy, background and poetry, in a extraordinary reconstruction of the way a region's tradition, economic system, politics, and mind's eye are woven jointly in time and position. (20060721)
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Additional resources for A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire
Viceroy’s tour,” J. G. 5 Unable to get his way on the deﬁnition of sovereignty and the corresponding protocol, Curzon abandoned plans of disembarking at the Iranian port. Curzon’s voyage to the Gulf marks the high point of a sea change in sovereignty during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that distinguished the nature of the British colonial empire from its precolonial variants. 6 This amnesia has two aspects: ﬁrst, the exclusion of most historical models of empire in a celebration of an imagined genealogy leading from Rome through Britain to the United States; and second, the erasure of the subjecthood of the colonized and with it the degradation of colonial rule.
By tuning our ears to his public rhetoric and eavesdropping on his private conversations with His Majesty’s government, we try to get a sense of how the British went about the task of making the sovereignty of some small princes one of the foundations of the supremacy of the almighty British sovereign of India in the waters of the Indian Ocean. The British raj has been typically regarded as having its basis in the territorial landmass of the Indian subcontinent and its external relations have been studied following the longitudinal axis that linked metropolitan Britain and colonial India.
The Pirate Coast,” in his view, “was an ideal place for sea robbers. It [was] studded with little islands, indented with narrow, twisting creeks, protected by treacherous sand banks, and jagged coral reefs . . ”18 A scion of a ruling family of the region made a spirited scholarly attempt to debunk what he saw as “the myth” of Arab piracy in the Gulf by delving into a range of primary sources from the early nineteenth century. ” The Portuguese had pioneered this transformation, which merely was taken to its logical conclusion when the English East India Company became involved.