By Robert J. Alexander
This quantity strains the heritage of geared up exertions in Peru and Ecuador from its first visual appeal within the past due 19th century until eventually the top of the 20th century. It discusses the kin of alternate unionism with fiscal improvement and politics, fairly the political trends inside prepared exertions. It additionally discusses the detrimental effect at the exchange union circulation of the unfastened enterprise-free alternate rules of the final many years of the 20 th century.
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Additional info for A History of Organized Labor in Peru and Ecuador
It was addressed by the party chief, Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, and Arturo Sabroso, secretary-general of the CTP, among others. 230 DUAL UNIONISM The attempts of the Apristas’ rivals to organize a labor movement to compete with the Confederación de Trabajadores del Perú were not very successful. The Federación de Trabajadores de Cuzco and a similar organization in Puno, both under Communist control, withdrew from the CTP early in 1947. 232 In Cuzco the Communist-led group controlled almost all of the organized workers until early in 1947.
146 At that point there was little freedom of action for the unions under Benavides. 147 BENAVIDES AND ORGANIZED LABOR After the 1936 strike, Benavides outlawed virtually all unions. For two years or more there were practically no legal labor organizations in the country. 149 Many labor leaders were jailed or driven into hiding during this period. Arturo Sabroso was kept in the notorious Frontón prison for more than four years, where he was one of four hundred Apristas. They organized a popular university in the prison, with courses in Quechua, mathematics, history, algebra, trade unionism, Marxism, German, English, music, shorthand, and Aprista theory.
A successful candidate on the congressional ticket of the Prado forces was Juan P. 155 Manuel Prado won the election. During the Prado regime, the unions slowly reconstructed. 156 A 1940 publication of the federation indicated that it had 18 active unions of textile workers affiliated with it, as well as five unions of hat makers. ”157 During this period, the Textile Workers Federation submitted a number of proposals to top government officials, including the president and minister of labor. 158 Juan P.