Download A History of Mining in Latin America : From the Colonial Era by Kendall W. Brown PDF

By Kendall W. Brown

For twenty-five years, Kendall Brown studied Potosí, Spanish America's maximum silver manufacturer and maybe the world's most famed mining district. He examine the flood of silver that flowed from its Cerro Rico and realized of the toil of its miners. Potosí symbolized marvelous wealth and incredible affliction. New global bullion inspired the formation of the 1st global economic climate yet even as it had profound results for hard work, as mine operators and refiners resorted to severe varieties of coercion to safe employees. In
many instances the surroundings additionally suffered devastating harm.
All of this happened within the identify of wealth for person marketers, businesses, and the ruling states. but the query is still of the way a lot monetary improvement mining controlled to provide in Latin the US and what have been its social and ecological outcomes. Brown's specialize in the mythical mines at Potosí and comparability of its operations to these of different mines in Latin the US is a well-written and available examine that's the first to span the colonial period to the present.
Part of the Diálogos sequence of Latin American reports

Show description

Read Online or Download A History of Mining in Latin America : From the Colonial Era to the Present PDF

Similar south america books

The Rough Guide to Peru 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides)

The tough advisor to Peru tells you all there's to understand approximately the most exciting international locations in South the United States. The 36-page, full-colour part introduces all of Peru''s highlights, from the hovering Inca fort of Machu Picchu to the excessive altitude important Railway. The advisor contains wide listings of the entire most sensible areas to stick, devour and drink, plus the lowdown on the various liveliest nightlife within the Americas.

The Invention of the Jewish Gaucho: Villa Clara and the Construction of Argentine Identity (Jewish History, Life, and Culture)

Through the mid-twentieth century, jap eu Jews had develop into certainly one of Argentina's biggest minorities. a few represented a wave of immigration began generations prior to; many settled within the province of Entre R? os and based an agricultural colony. Taking its name from the ensuing hybrid of acculturation, the discovery of the Jewish Gaucho examines the lives of those settlers, who represented a merger among local cowboy identities and fatherland thoughts.

The Woman in the Violence: Gender, Poverty, and Resistance in Peru

The lady within the Violence attracts on fieldwork carried out in Lima, Peru, one of many biggest towns in Latin the US, and the existence tales of dozens of girls to check a number of kinds of violence and the way it interrelates of their lives. Gender-based violence keeps to blight the panorama of South American city facilities, and this publication unravels the non-public reviews of these impacted.

Extra resources for A History of Mining in Latin America : From the Colonial Era to the Present

Sample text

Gresham’s law also held sway: namely, that bad money drives out good. This meant that when silver increased in value compared with gold, the silver tended to be drawn out of the economy. Once the silver strikes began in Mexico and Peru in the 1540s, silver dropped in value relative to gold. 28 Europe had experienced a modest silver boom in the thirteenth century with the discovery and exploitation of important mines in Saxony and Bohemia. The Lure of Gold, the Wealth of Silver 13 In the early 1300s a mark of gold was worth about thirteen marks of silver.

Refiners also employed mercury imported from the Crown’s mines at Almadén in Spain or quicksilver distilled from small Mexican deposits of cinnabar, such as at Cuernavaca. As amalgamation spread at Potosí, demand for Huancavelica mercury surged. After 1580, Potosí’s refiners virtually abandoned smelting. Peruvian viceroy Francisco de Toledo (1569–1581) clearly understood Potosí’s importance to royal finances and the Peruvian economy. He also 20 Chapter 2 recognized that Huancavelica, the only major American source of mercury during colonial times, was critical to the prosperity of Potosí.

The Council of the Indies, which oversaw colonial affairs for the king, had to proceed cautiously. On the one hand, it could not jeopardize confidence in Spanish coinage by allowing the adulteration to continue. But on the other hand, if it removed and arrested everyone suspected of the crime, it might upset Potosí’s delicate credit market. Potosí’s mine operators and azogueros depended on working capital they obtained from several of the silver merchants who were accused of involvement in the mint scandal.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.35 of 5 – based on 15 votes